What I’ve Learnt This Week 4.0

Abbreviations are Everywhere

Buuttttt, if you don’t find out what they mean you could miss something and potentially look like an idiot (and yes, I know we’re not supposed to use them in case of misinterpretation, but they still exist).

Nephrostomy

How I picture it: an external urethra
What it actually is: nephrostomies are artificial openings made in the body, allowing urine to exit the body directly from the kidneys through a plastic tube and into a urine bag.

They can be inserted for a number of reasons, but typically due to issues or blockages in the urinary system below the kidney.

Torsion

A torsion is cause when a part of the anatomy is twisted in a way it shouldn’t be – most commonly seen in the testes, but can also occur in the ovaries and fallopian tubes.

Stents

Stents can be used in all sorts of areas of the body to hold a space open. I’ve previously written about cardiac stents, but this week I learnt about ureteric stents, which can be placed to hold open a damaged ureter – however as the ureter uses peristalsis to move urine towards the bladder, a little hook attached to the stent needs to be placed in the kidney to stop it being flushed out.

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